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As I started my sculpting career as a stone carver I was most interested in volume, mass and the art of the curve. The narrative had much to do with Archaic themes and figurative references. Today things have shifted to the opposite side of the spectrum. Flat planes and hollow forms have come to the forefront of my interests. Not only do I concentrate on minimal elemental forms but I have removed the narrative as well –  or so it seems. It has occurred to me that even by removing the narrative it has been replaced by another of a mystical nature. Cryptography, geometric formulae, visual illusion, the unconscious and spirituality all come into play as an underlying theme that initially eluded even me.